Hershel 400 Objects in Cepheus


Abbreviations in the CON column are the IAU versions.
The column TYPE has following abbreviations:
OPNCL = open cluster PLNNB = planetary nebula GLOCL = globular cluster CL+NB = open cluster and nebulosity BRTNB = bright emission or reflection nebula
Hubble Classification for galaxies or GALXY where no classification existed.

In the Herschel Column the Classes are:
I = Bright Nebulae III = Very Faint Nebulae V = Very Large
Nebulae
VII = Pretty Much Compressed
Clusters of Large or Small Stars
II = Faint Nebulae IV = Planetary Nebulae VI = Very Compressed and Rich Clusters of Stars VIII = Coarsely Scattered
Clusters of Stars
NGC_#
Con
Type
RA_2000
Declination
Mag
Size
Hershel_#
Observation Notes
40 CEP PLNNB 00 13.0 +72 32 10.7 60"X40" H IV 58 bright, large, and elongated 1.5X1. Central star obvious at 200X. The color is grey at all powers. At 200X and above from one of our best locations, the nebula shows off two brighter ends that look like "polar caps" on Mars. The western cap is larger and brighter. From a poorer site on a night I rated 5/10 for seeing and transparency, the brighter parts of the planetary make it appear to have a spiral shape. The "polar cap" effect only appears on the best of nights.
6939 CEP OPNCL 20 31.4 +60 38 7.8 8.0' H VI 42 Bright, large, rich, compressed and irregularly round in shape at 135X. I estimated 70 stars, there are lots of dimmer members. This cluster has many lovely chains of stars meandering out into the Milky Way. It is easy in the 11X80 finder.
6946 CEP Sc 20 34.8 +60 09 10.5 14' H IV 76 This face-on spiral galaxy has a low surface brightness and therefore responds to the atmosphere more than edge-on systems. For that reason I have called this object "pretty faint" on a night I rated 5/10 and then called it "pretty bright" on a night that was 8/10 in the mountains of Northern Arizona. In any case it is pretty large, somewhat elongated and has a bright, almost stellar nucleus. Even at the best of times I have never seen spiral structure in this object. There is a very dim extension that forms a 'V' shape.
7142 CEP OPNCL 21 45.9 +65 48 9.3 4.3' H VII 66 pretty bright, large, not compressed, rich cluster of 30 stars at 100X.
7160 CEP OPNCL 21 53.7 +62 36 6.1 7.0' H VIII 67 bright, pretty large, scattered group of 16 stars at 135X. Two 9th mag stars and several fainter ones, not much.
7380 CEP OPNCL 22 47.0 +58 06 7.2 12.0' H VIII 77 pretty bright, pretty large, not compressed, triangularly-shaped cluster of 36 stars at 100X. There is nebulosity involved in the cluster, it can be seen without the UHC filter, but the filter helps the contrast very much. The nebula is dim enough that when I use my red flashlight to take notes, the nebula disappears for a few moments when I return to the eyepiece.
7510 CEP OPNCL 23 11.5 +60 34 7.9 4.0' H VII 44 bright, pretty large, somewhat compressed cluster at 165X.I counted 22 members in an irregular shape, with several nice lines of stars. In a wide field eyepiece, cluster King 19 is in the same field.